The Coffee Cash Crop And Culture In Nigeria!

The coffee is believed to have originated from Africa, historically from Abyssinia now Ethiopia then subsequently, spreading to India, the middle east and other parts of the world. Coffee cherries are an amazing super-fruits in cuisines and cosmetics, superb as a nutritional supplements also as an essential oil, used in beauty products and stimulating beverages. The fresh coffee cherry often called berry are processed and roasted to produce coffee, ground and used in black or creamy coffee drinks, ice-creams, chocolates, and baked goodies. The leaves of the cherry plants can be dried and steeped to make a mild caffeinated tea beverages; the fresh coffee cherries can be juiced, mix with water and any fruit juice of choice for a delicious juice drink, it can be dehydrated into a powdered instant beverage. The pulp and skin of the coffee cherry after the extraction of the coffee can be processed for used as fertilizer and livestock feeds; coffee cherry are perishable so must be used up soon after harvest. Once upon a time next to the crude oil the Nigerian coffee was a major cash crop for decades; whereby the government of then introduced and encouraged the cultivation of the Arabica and Robusta seeds to farmers all over Nigeria. However through the years it faced a decline in production and exports due to many factors hence, the crude oil speed ahead as the most important treasure far above all others especially agricultural produce in Nigeria; other factors are aging farmers, less productive coffee trees due to coffee crop diseases, less land area for coffee cultivation where most farmlands have nutrient-depleted soil, and the lack of farming skills are major hindrances leading to the coffee cash crop in Nigeria losing out in its former glory of the 60s and 70s. The Nigerian coffee world is growing again to regain its loss glory with an increase in the need for the Nigerian coffee product that will help boost more production of the coffee beans, subsequently increase demands for more work which will in turn provide more opportunities for the Nigerian farmers. The temperate and tropical weather condition of the Jos-Plateau makes it possible to produce so many exotic crops including the coffee plants, thus making it the best zone for the coffee Arabica beans and an untapped “black” gold mine waiting for its treasures to be explore. In Nigeria many smallholder farmers cultivate mostly the Robusta coffee with only a few growing the higher-quality Arabica on the Mambilla Plateau in Taraba, Jos-Plateau and cross river states in Nigeria; the fact that coffee production are cultivated in small area with no meaningful tonnage are making the coffee sector unsuitable for smallholders farmers. In Nigeria, revamping the coffee sector is facing major setbacks which are as follows; the lack of coffee buyers for export affects farmers the most, consequently causing most of the coffee produce to go to waste, few and poorly managed mills and washing stations, that only leads to poor quality coffee and ultimately large coffee businesses lack of commitment has also had a negative impact on the whole coffee value chain.

coffeeCoffee Culture In Nigeria
Coffee culture in a community is rated by its coffee consumption, frequency of its consumption and the widespread of coffee cafes. Globally coffee has been accepted as a social drink due to the importance of the coffee culture in various parts of the world; even though, coffee was discovered in Africa still coffee consumption is not a traditionally consumed local beverage in Nigeria hence, not as popular as tea and chocolates or cocoa beverages. Whether it is accepted or not as a social drink in Nigeria; globally the coffee is a well accepted social drug in drinks, beverages, sweet treats and dietary foods by coffee lovers. Coffee consumption and socialization can improve on coffee culture due to the ever increasing interactions in coffee joints or cafes thereby, a place of relaxation and socialization always over a cup of coffee or beverages of choice. The southern parts are not known to embrace and enjoy the coffee consumption like the northern parts of Nigeria where the coffee consumptions is so popular because of the habitual eating of the kola nuts with its high loads of caffeine, which is relished in most parts of northern communities as a cherished chewy snack. The coffee caffeinated beverage is made much more acceptable and enjoyed by the “Mai Shayi” that are seen dotting all nook and cranny of northern Nigeria; the “Teburin Mai Shayi” is the most visited neighborhood café joints, attracting and commanding huge patronage anytime of the day and nights, in all seasons and in any community location. 

Coffee is a must have drink among office workers, laborers and other jobs that requires lots of energy and alertness, hence used as a stimulant to get the work done which is the earlier reasons for its acceptance and popularity and in todays world thereby, inculcated officially into important functions in the business world as a “Coffee Break” which is the bringing together people of like minds at corporate, informal and leisure gatherings in the cultural and business world. Oftentimes the working professionals events and meetings move their coffee breaks to coffee cafes for refreshments to re-energize, for socialization in meeting new people and for relaxation in the business world all across the globe. All over Nigeria especially the northern region are seen all over the popular tea joints commonly called “Teburin Mai Shayi”; they are located all over street corners and major road sidewalks, always a stop over in every motor parks, found in market places and close to government offices, hospitals and schools. The managers of such tea joints are called “Mai Shayi” in Hausa meaning the tea makers, the market of tea joints are dominated by men with very very few women joining in the making of the street tea joints. In northern Nigeria the tea making business is by the day brewing up fast just as hot as the brewed beverages sold, in order to engage the millions of jobless youth to be gainfully employed. The capital needed for start-up in the tea joint business is just a token amount with very few utensils to buy or rent a space for the makeshift outlet called “Rumpa” in Hausa which are generally made up of a a crafted zinc roofing and wood shades, with a large table and benches for the customers. On the side of such stalls are the firewood fireplaces for boiling the tea beverages are often brought together to light up a simple three hearth stones and a large drum-like pot is placed over it for brewing assorted tea leaves, with the hot kettles for coffee varieties, cocoa beverages. The “Mai Shayi” menu list also includes the packaged kunu tsamiya which is the tamarind gruel, noodles for customers wanting a different meal, fried eggs and sizzled on the spot, with others cooking and serving the spicy pepper soups, arranged along the large table are different loaves sizes, also on display are the powdered and evaporated milk, sugar and spices. A big bucketful of water contains all the teacups, and a large dish for soup bowls and spoons.

Often times, close to “mai shayi” are the “Mai kosai” popularly known as the beans cakes or fried akara sellers, also close by are the “Mai Suya” joints known for the popular kebab-barbecue meat stands all over northern Nigeria, where roasted beef meat and chicken are served on the spot with the locally made mixed spices known as “suya yaji” to eat with the roasted meat. Assorted tea leaves are brewed with added native spices on smoldering firewood fireplaces, in large drum-like pots with smokes engulfing the brewing beverages to give it the distinctly unique aroma, and flavor that only the “Mai shayi” brewed tea beverages can give. The “Mai shayi” often serve steaming cup of beverages but a lot of busy-on-the-go customers at times request for a warm beverage rather than the hot cup of tea, so the always patient “Mai shayi” must perform magic that is expertly done with amazing skills developed over time; pouring out the hot tea held with the upper hand into the hand held lower hand cup, just like a spring waterfall without missing out a drop from the continuously repeated flow from the upper and lower cup, until a warm and frothy beverage is made to the satisfaction of the customers demand. The “mai shayi” quickly serves and smiles to the customers that are always in a hurry to catch the next bus to their places of work, school, market or businesses. The tea joints popularly called “Teburin Mai Shayi” is a popular meeting points for all classes of people from the common man to the most famous within the community coming together to enjoy the locally brewed tea while discussing issues of the day, a one-stop joint to engage in social interactions and take on hot debates on governance and the government; the “Teburin Mai Shayi” thus, turned into an ever ready platform for political debates, sport arguments and community gossips.

Nigerians drink only tiny number of coffee cups when compared to other nationals; known to drink and enjoy generally tea, cocoa, or both as the hot choice for most preferred beverage drinks with only the very few of busy executives who cultivate a coffee culture opting for the strong black and bitter instant coffee in order to keep alert while busy to meet up datelines, In Nigeria most teenagers are first exposed to the coffee drinks in schools as a vital stimulants for reading towards the examinations; learning thereby to consume coffee as a ritual habits during the examination seasons in order to keep awake and alert to go throughout the nights reading thus the popular tag of “TDB” meaning Till Day Break.

The coffee in religious circles is also used as a stimulant for night vigils and an all night prayer sessions to keep awake, to energize and to remain alert; the medical professions are also into the coffee culture to remain vibrant and alert.

The consumption of coffee in Nigeria maybe rising but many obstacles hinders its progress to a coffee culture destinations maybe with time more Nigerians will appreciate with awareness the benefits and the many delicious ways coffee can be served in order to incorporate in various cultural cuisines and consumed. The instant coffee granules which are cheap and the only assessable coffee product in the Nigeria market is a single popularly known coffee brand that also produces the 3-in-1 coffee blend which is a blend of sugar, cream and coffee in an instant ready to use packs, in promoting the coffee culture in Nigeria mobile coffee kiosks dominated by the single popular brand are found all around major city markets and streets corners, selling and serving with a smile the soluble instant coffee granules to the customers for just a token per cup of coffee.

The coffee culture in Nigeria is evolving with coffee cafes emerging and producing the instant beverage drink but still very few coffee roasters exist in Nigeria; it is necessary for government intervention in the coffee sector towards encouraging the consumption of the locally grown coffee as a step away from drinking imported coffee due to the fact that Nigeria is still a coffee producing nation. There is a need also to attract new and young talents into the coffee sector by making it much more attractive as a place to be gainfully employ and attractively rewarded in order to take up coffee farming for sustainability of the coffee. 

Coffee In Cuisines
Coffee is so versatile and such an amazing addition to a lot of recipes either brewed or granules that effortlessly blends in for awesome sweet treats; a perfect alternative to cocoa or chocolate in baking and hot or chilled beverages, its superb aroma and flavor sweetly and beautifully gives such recipes fantastic taste and presentation. The best of recipes can easily be upgraded according to choice find below are some of the must try recipes for the love of coffee, start brewing some more and take a cup of coffee now:-

Green Coffee Beans
The green coffee is the raw and naturally green but the roasting of the green raw coffee beans turns them into brown, the green coffee beans differs from the roasted coffee beans due to the fact that the roasting process reduces the loads of “Chlorogenic Acid” which is a polyphenol; thereby giving the green coffee an upper lead on higher level of the chemical when compared to the roasted coffee, hence the unroasted raw coffee beans contains less caffeine. A lot of research surrounded by controversies are of the view that the green coffee beans Chlorogenic Acid counteracts the absorption of sugar and aids in reducing the presence of the liver triglycerides, preventing also the glycemic spikes which is believed to slow down the metabolism, assist to increase the accumulation and absorption of fat in and around the abdomen; the green coffee might not be the magic pill for weight loss but it has a lot of health benefits when compared to the roasted ground coffee.
The green coffee is a lot less acidic and so gentle on the stomach linings due to its excellent loads of polyphenols and antioxidants which are potent in controlling and reducing blood pressure, also neutralizing the action of the free radicals and helping to reduce the type 2 diabetes.

Whole Beans Green Coffee
Green coffee drink is mild in taste, just like herbal teas although over consumption of caffeine in green coffee may cause some side effects, it is advisable to always consult with the medical experts before adding green coffee to daily diets. People with a coffee allergy should avoid green coffee beans extract or drinks completely.

Recipe Ingredients
Green coffee beans
Honey or sweeteners of choice
Spices or flavor (optional)
Coffee grinders or portable mortar and pestle
Kettle or coffee maker

Recipe Steps
The green coffee brew is prepared by the following steps:-
Measure out the required quantity of the green raw coffee beans.
Carefully feed all into a coffee grinder and ground or pour into a portable mortar and crush using the pestle.
Heat up water in a kettle and pour over the crushed or grounded green coffee.
Allow to infuse for some minutes, filter out the residues of the green coffee beans.
Add spices or flavor of choice for a unique coffee deliciousness.
Sweeten with sweeteners of choice or add organic honey for more healthy benefits.

Black Coffee Brew
Coffee serve without milk is awesome on the taste buds despite all the nutrients contents of the milk, as a powerhouse of exotic tastes made up of a blend of fruity and nutty, sweet and floral flavors to experience the best of coffee aroma and flavors then brew the coffee and serve without milk; enjoy it in all of its natural richness of bold, beautiful and black blend. The rich black coffee can be brewed according to choice of either strong or weak, made with the fresh coffee beans ground or to simply dissolve the instant coffee granules that is deliciously and refreshingly delightful but vary in its taste. The rich taste of the black coffee is best achieved by observing the best of coffee tips; quality coffee beans, dry roast and freshly ground coffee beans to give the ultimate aroma and flavor, always brew coffee on low heat and never OVER boil the coffee, filtering the coffee is by choice, after every brewed coffee immediately rinse and rinse clean the coffee maker or pot thoroughly in order to always brew the best and delicious cup of coffee all the time.
The next best coffee maker to the espresso machine is the moka pot for freshly brewed coffee, the longer coffee brew remains on heat the bitter is its taste, it is a personal choice while brewing coffee to watch out and try several brewing processes to achieve just the right taste.

Recipe Ingredients
Fresh coffee beans, roast and ground coarsely or grit-like
Sweeteners of choice (Optional)
Espresso machine or moka pot
Coffee cups

Recipe Steps
The process of brewing black coffee involves to roast, ground, and filter.
First fill up the base of the coffee pot with boiling water, then place the small basket cup on top just like for the steamer.
Meanwhile, roast, ground the coffee beans and fill up the upper small basket cup; do not press or push down the ground coffee into the small basket cup.
Assemble back the pot, and press down the topper of the pot to close.
On low heat, place the coffee pot until the coffee is brewed when a gurgling sound is heard.
Immediately remove from the heat and quickly put under cold water in order to cut out the heat.
Serve as it is, black and beautiful.
If desired sweeten with sweetener of choice and serve.
Always rinse severally the coffee maker before and after each coffee brew.

Creamy Coffee
A blend of hot and frothy coffees with made with full cream milk, absolutely creamy and sweet, fancy and beautiful patterns on the frothy toppings, that is invitingly irresistible to take a sip and many more sips after each sip.

Recipe Ingredients
Instant coffee granules
Instant cocoa granules
Chocolate syrup
Full cream milk
Warm water
Brown sugar or manzankwaila or honey
A whisk

Recipe Steps
The creamy coffee in a cup is made up of a three part layers of 1/3 coffee, 1/3 hot milk and 1/3 frothy toppings.
On low heat, slowly bring the full or whole cream milk to boil in a sauce pan.
Then remove from heat, immediately whisk it on fast until creamy and frothy.
In a serving coffee cup, add some coffee granules, sugar and just a tablespoon of warm water to dissolve the coffee-sugar mix into a thick mixture, pour in the hot and steaming milk then mix in.
Scoop over it the creamy frothy toppings; quickly create a pattern of choice.
Serve and sip away.

Coffee Cake
The coffee cakes are simply the common pound cakes with an addition of dissolved or brewed coffee to blend with the cake batter. It is crumbly moist and a delicious cake and the icing can be made like every other cake icing with an alternative or add-in of the instant granules or brewed coffee into a mixture of butter, and icing sugar while the glazing is a mixture or maple syrup or honey, milk or water and icing or powdered sugar. A rich dark coffee cake so buttery moist made into fluffy cake layers then interlaced layers with crumbling mix of choice, just the perfect twist to the common cakes.

Recipe Ingredients
All-purpose flour
Fresh eggs
Full or whole cream milk
Condensed or powdered milk
Baking soda or powder
Flavor of choice
Glazing:- Maple syrup or honey, milk and powdered or icing sugar
Icing:- Brewed coffee or instant coffee granules, butter and icing sugar
Crumbly Toppings:- All purpose flour, brown sugar or manzankwaila, butter, cinnamon, peanuts roasted and crushed, salt

Recipe Steps
The first step is to brew or dissolve the instant coffee, then reserve for use.
The crumbly toppings is mix in a dry bowl; sieve flour into the dry bowl, add the brown or homemade unrefined sugar of the sugar cane called manzankwaila in Hausa, sprinkle a pinch of salt, flavor up with grated nutmeg or cinnamon then stir to mix all together to blend, lastly add the roasted crushed peanuts or groundnuts, drop in a dollop of the butter to bind all dry ingredients together, rub in to form a crumbly mix, reserve in a separate bowl to use as toppings for the cake.
In a mixing bowl add the butter and sugar then beat together until fluffy light and turned pale in color, add in the beaten eggs then whisk with the mixer or hand whisk to combine properly, mix in the milk and all the dry flour blends, fold in gradually until it forms a smooth cake batter, lastly blend in the reserve coffee.
Scoop into oiled baking wares or cake pans a thin layer of cake mixture, then sprinkle the crumbly mix all over the layer, scoop another cake batter on the mix and follow up with a sprinkle of crumbly mix until the last scoop over of the remaining cake batter to cover the crumbly mix.
Bake in a preheated oven, to check for doneness insert a toothpick when it is clean then it is ready, remove and cool on a baking rack.
Glaze the cake with the reserve glazing mix alternatively icing the cake with the reserved icing mix.
Serve and share a slice; store wrapped up any reserved coffee cakes in the refrigerator.

Coffee Iced Drinks
A cooling and re-energizing beverage drink on any hot sunny days of the desert heats of northern Nigeria, when the human body oozes out all energy through excess sweats. A glass simply replenishes and restores loss energy, any day and any season.

Recipe Ingredients
Instant Coffee granules or freshly ground coffee
Sweetened condensed milk or whole milk
Sugar or honey
Caramel is optional
Flavors of the vanilla extracts, cinnamon, cocoa or nutmeg
Ice cubes, tall glasses and straw

Recipe Steps
Brew a strong coffee, cool and then add in the sweetened condensed milk.
Flavor up with the vanilla extract, add in honey to sweeten more if desired; mix together to blend in thoroughly.
Whisk or shake to a nice foamy and frothy beverage.
Place ice cubes in tall glasses and pour it over ice cubes, drizzle in caramel if desired.
Then put in a straw and relax to enjoy a refreshingly cooling beverage.
Serve anytime of the day.

Coffee Ice-Cream
The coffee ice cream can be made using two major processes of either steeping coffee in water then mixing into heavy cream and milk while the second method is to first ground the fresh coffee beans and steep it directly into the heavy cream to trap into the ice-cream the rich and earthy aroma of the coffee beans; locking up all the fat-soluble flavor and aroma into the butter-fat of the cream. A rich and buttery blend with the sweet exotic coffee flavor, simply awesome on the taste-buds.

Recipe Ingredients
Freshly roasted dark coffee beans or instant coffee granules
Whole milk
Corn starch and corn syrup or fresh egg yolks
Heavy cream and cream cheese
Granulated sugar and a pinch of salt
Flavor is optional

Recipe Steps
Mix in a small bowl the cornstarch and milk into a smooth custard-like paste. Or crack up some fresh eggs and separate the white from the yolk, and whisk the egg yolk until frothy light.
Whisk together the cream cheese and salt in a separate bowl until creamy soft and light.
On low heat, to avoid curdling and lumps place the milk, add in the cream, sugar and slowly stir-in the corn syrup.
Stirring non-stop until it boils; then take off the heat, add in the coffee and allow to steep directly into the hot mixture.
Strain the coffee mixture using a fine sieve, mesh or cheese bag, squeeze out excess coffee mixture, and keep the coffee residue for facial scrub.
On medium heat place back the strained coffee mixture and whisk into it the milk and cornstarch.
Slowly bring to boil, stirring continuously until it thickens and set, then remove from the heat.
Quickly but carefully whisk in the hot milk custard into the cream cheese and salt mix, beat until smooth and free of lumps.
Fresh Eggs As An Alternative:-
Whisk the fresh egg yolks, add sugar and coffee then whisk some more in a thick saucepan until well mix.
Whisk in the cream and milk, beat all together with a whisk until yolk is totally blended in completely.
On low heat, place the pot and slowly bring it to boil, continuously whisking until it thickens and sets to a custard-like mixture, then stir in a pinch of salt to taste.
Strain the custard with a fine mesh or cheese bag, transfer into resalable bags or ice-cream containers and chill in an ice bucket or the refrigerator.
Churn in the ice-cream maker and scoop into ice cream packs or airtight containers.
Cool the mixture and fill up an ice cream container, then seal up tightly and place in an iced bucket or place in the refrigerator to cool completely.
Feed it into an ice cream maker, churn and process until the desired thickness and creaminess.
Scoop into ice cream packs, seal surface tightly and freeze for several hours.
Serve on ice cream cones or spoon and enjoy.

Coffee Shakes or Smoothies
A heavenly and refreshingly quick wake-up milk shake, a simple sweet deliciousness with a perfect blend of the cocoa and coffee, to drink on endlessly with a straw or simply sip it all up.

Recipe Ingredients
Whole cream milk or Vanilla or chocolate ice-cream
Instant coffee granules
Instant cocoa granules
Honey or sugar
Chocolate chips for toppings
Sauce is for topping made with a blend of coffee, cocoa, honey or sugar, salt and water

Recipe Steps
A swirl of cooled syrupy sauce in the smoothie just about pushes the shake to a new height; to make the sauce, mix sugar or honey, coffee, cocoa, salt and water in a saucepan and slowly bring to boil; stirring until thickened and reduced to a smooth sauce.
In a blender, add all the ingredients and blend on fast until frothy smooth and mix in thoroughly.
A glass for serving the shakes is first decoratively lined with a swirl of sauce, then pour in the shakes or smoothies, drizzle all over it some more sauce and top it up with the chocolate chips.
Serve immediately, enjoy.

Coffee Candy Homemade
A sweet, smooth and smoky taste of coffee in a buttery textured candy gives a unique mix of the chocolate chips, roasted peanuts or groundnuts, and the espresso coffee or any instant coffee granules, all blend in to make for a chewy candy.

Recipe Ingredients
Brown sugar or manzankwaila
Corn syrup
Instant coffee granules or espresso coffee
Instant cocoa granules or chocolate chips
Roasted peanuts-groundnuts
Butter and condensed milk
Vanilla, or cinnamon

Recipe Steps
Melt the butter, add in the brown sugar, milk, honey, salt and the coffee.
On low heat, stir continuously until all is melted, mix in the condensed milk, and then add in the flavor of choice.
Pour into non-stick paper lined tray, or silicon bake ware for candies.
Sprinkle crushed roasted peanuts and chocolate chips all over the candy.
Allow to cool and set, then spray a sharp kitchen knife with a non-stick cooking spray and cut the candy into squares or shapes of choice.
If prefer dip the candies in chocolate sauce to coat all over; then place in the refrigerator to cool and harden more.
Wrap up the candy in waxed papers to prevent the candies from sticking or clumping together.
Transfer into candy jars or fancy candy packs, cover with air-tight lid.
Store in the refrigerator and relish it as a sweet treat occasionally.

Coffee Chewy Cookies
A chewy, delicious and an easy to make cookies, a melt-in-the-mouth tiny coffee treats; taking on the fancy shape and style of the coffee bean, so cute and so sweet. A beautiful treats for families and friends, a delight to share during the seasons of giving.

Recipe Ingredients
All-purpose flour
Desiccated coconuts
Instant Coffee granules or powder
Instant Cocoa granules or powder
Milk powder and fresh milk
Butter and fresh eggs
Brown sugar or the Homemade unrefined sugar of the sugarcane known as “manzankwaila” in northern Nigeria
Spices of ginger, and cloves
Flavors of vanilla and cinnamon
Baking powder or soda
Salt, just a pinch

Recipe Steps
There are various ways to bake cookies especially when the electric oven is not assessable or available, the stove top oven if properly heated up to the right baking temperature gives a pretty alternative.
Preheat the oven or Prepare the stove top oven if using; place on low heat a heavy skillet pot and with lid, then pour into the base of pot some cooking salt to cover, tightly cover with the lid and heat it up to the right temperature.
Meanwhile, sieve the flour into a mixing bowl, sprinkle all over a pinch of salt, and baking soda or powder; sift again to blend in properly and to incorporate air. Add in the milk powder and desiccated coconut and mix all dry ingredients well.
Warm-up the milk, add in the instant coffee and cocoa granules then mix to dissolve, add in the flavors and spices of choice, whisk in the fresh eggs, beat all to blend together the wet ingredients in a separate bowl.
Cream the butter and sugar until creamy and fluffy light, pour in the wet mixture and whisk in fast to mix with the creamy butter and sugar.
Gradually, scoop and add in the dry ingredients of the flour mix, fold into the wet ingredients gently until all flour is used up and a dough forms.
Transfer onto a clean and dry work surface, and knead the dough lightly with the hands to achieve a smooth cookie dough that is easy to work on and shape into fancy cookies of the coffee bean design.
Cut out dough and press into the coffee bean shaped cookie pan if available and bake in the preheated oven.
Or Roll out into one large square shape dough, and cut into several smaller squares.
Pick each square dough and roll into tiny oval shapes, repeat until all dough is shaped; with the edge of a cookie cutter press into the center of each shaped cookie dough a line just like the natural coffee beans design, repeat for all the cookies.
Bake in the preheated oven or stove top oven, until a deliciously chewy and soft cookies.
Cool on the baking tray rack and store in an airtight jars or containers.
Serve with any choice drink or creamy coffee iced-cold beverages.
Wrap it up in fancy packs and gift coffee lovers.

Health Benefits Of Coffee
The black coffee brew is highly nutritious with a powerful loads of antioxidant, helping the body with its amazing health benefits to manage, reduce or rid the body of various health conditions like, cancer, asthma, liver disorders, diabetes, heart diseases, gastro-intestinal diseases and mental issues such as memory disorder of the neurodegenerative diseases among others. Black coffee helps to reduce inflammation and prevents cell damage in the body.
Coffee is a source of excellent and essential vitamins and minerals such as potassium, magnesium, manganese, riboflavin, niacin, and sodium; low in calories when brewed and serve simply as black coffee drink.
Coffee is rich in antioxidants loads which is far greater than any other foods known in history; has an excellent loads of flavonoids that is much more than what is found in red wine.
Coffee is known as the most psychoactive beverage in the world; coffee perceptions on its health benefits also includes positive effects on an individual by assisting amazingly in firing up the neurons which aids greatly to improve the various brain functions such as mental alertness, memory, attention, awareness, reduces the risk of dementia or Alzheimer’s disease which is caused by the connections in the brain cells degenerate or die resulting in memory loss and damage to mental function.
The coffee antioxidant called polyphenols and micronutrients richness enhances body and mind health thereby helping to prevent and manage a lot of diseases, slows down ageing, reduces premature death risk and increases longevity.
Coffee breaks down stored fats in cells and tissues hence, a natural food that assists in fat burning in the body by boosting metabolism thereby helping to in safe and fast weight loss.
Coffee helps to boost insulin production in the body that assist in managing diabetes and reducing the risks of diabetes mellitus.
Coffee prevents liver diseases by lowering of liver enzymes caused by excess consumption of alcohol such as cirrhosis, fatty liver, liver cancer, hepatitis and gallstone diseases. Coffee assist in flushing out the excess uric acid, helps to reduce risk and relieve gout development. The perfect diuretic that helps flush out all stomach toxins through urine; coffee drink detoxifies the body system.
But it is advisable for people with high blood pressure to drink coffee in moderation and totally avoid coffee if experiencing increase in blood pressure after the consumption of coffee.
Coffee increases dopamine levels which helps to manage and prevents Parkinson’s disease; that affects the central nervous system that affects movement due to muscles stiffness when the nerve cells are damage. hence, coffee helps to stimulate the nervous system.
Coffee is high in properties that aids to eliminate toxic enzymes of the blood that may cause cancerous growth; thereby preventing liver and colorectal cancer. Great also at reducing inflammation which can cause formation of cancerous tumors in the body.
Coffee drinking is attributed to lowering suicidal thoughts, by increasing happy feelings and gratification while lowering the feelings of depression and dejection. Improves energy for higher physical performance, body stimulation of mood and emotions, it helps in lowering antioxidants effects of “Melanoidin” in men’s health.

Adverse Effects Of Coffee
The medicinal potentials of coffee has contributed immensely to its acceptance worldwide as an edible drink; while some consumers are of the believe that it is a healthy drink with all its nutritional potentials others are of the opinion that consumption of coffee can have an adverse effects on human health especially in health related issues such as cardiovascular, depression and mental issues. Whereby the caffeine in coffee is addictive endearing many individuals to its consumption, yet many others shy away and avoid its consumption because of the adverse effects of the coffee on the human health.
Caffeine in coffee may increase the levels of stress hormones in the body leading to anxiety and restlessness.
Coffee can cause stomach ulcers due to intestinal damage; coffee acidity may cause heartburn.
The diuretic in coffee may increase with its excess intake, which may cause dehydration and consequently fatigue and skin dryness.
It is advisable to avoid excess coffee consumption during pregnancy because its intakes can cause harm to the fetus, increase risk of miscarriage, premature and low weight of the new born.
Avoid the intake of coffee just before bedtime, because the caffeine in coffee boosts alertness that may also cause restlessness and consequently insomnia at the moment when sleep is most needed.

Sustainability Of Coffee
Sustainable coffee is coffee that is organically grown, processed, sold and served in the best “eco”, “green”, and “environmentally friendly” ways to support the coffee growers, the environments, and the earth.
The planting of trees will stabilize the soil, increase its water retention capacity and slow down runoff; it will create organic matter, to enrich the soil and prevents soil degradation. On coffee farms, taller trees help to protect coffee plants from the ever-increasing unpredictability of weather patterns of the extreme drought, dusty dry winds of the north regions and the heavy rainfalls of the southern regions of Nigeria. 
It is vital to combat climate change in order to protect coffee production and the planet; one of the most crucial ways to averting climate change and crisis is by planting more trees to offsets the harmful carbon emissions which will help to achieve carbon neutrality, improve soil quality, ensure long-term quality production of the coffee and also most importantly guarantee a sustainable future for the smallholder coffee farmers. Hence, a sustainable future for high quality and rich coffee growing culture for the world. Trees absorb carbon dioxide and harmful greenhouse gases and if in balance the greenhouse gases keep the planet’s climate habitable by trapping heat from the sun. Consequently, high levels of greenhouse gases caused by the burning of fossil fuels, have however trapped heat close to the earth, resulting to climate change that is affecting and altering the land, air, water, and weather patterns, thus having devastating negative effects on coffee production; to save coffee it is vital to put all hands and heads together by restoring and preserving coffee ecosystems. Sustainable coffee production must bring together and unite all stakeholders in the coffee sector, such as the farmers who are coffee growers and whose lives and livelihoods depends on the coffee produce, the traders consisting of buyers and sellers, the roasters and retailers such as the “mai shayi” and the mobile kiosks and tea hawkers in giant kettles, all must play a role in stimulating greater demands for the best eco-friendly and sustainable coffee.

The coffee is the world’s favorite caffeinated beverage, a powerful and sweet super-fruit that can boost the mind and muscle; brew with care, demand and drink quality coffee in moderation, go ahead and make every day so delicious with a brew of the exotic coffee.
Sustainable coffee matters, make every cup of coffee count, contribute and commit towards a sustainable coffee future; if you love a delicious and exotic cup of coffee goodness, if you care about humanity, if you are passionate about preserving the environment and protecting the planet for future generations!