Waste is any materials that is unwanted and unusable generally referred to as garbage or junk in and around surroundings which are often wastes generated from households, public offices, industries and factories; thus categorized into industrial, commercial, domestic, and agricultural waste. Industrial waste includes plastic, glass and chemicals which are often dump into rivers, oceans and seas causing deadly pollution that affects lives under water such as fishes, mammals, underwater plants, and water for consumption.
Commercial waste are produced and collected in school environment, shops, and offices such wastes include plastic and paper. Domestic waste are from homes and households such as fresh food wastes like fruits and vegetables peels, animal parts, left-over meals, expired or rotten food items, excreta from household toilets and all other forms of waste generated from the home during households chores like cooking and cleaning. Agricultural wastes are from farmlands and field yards often from animals excreta, weeding of farmlands, husk of crops, bush clearing, tree branches and leaves.
All across various Nigeria cities and communities are huge heaps of garbage dumps decoratively lining the streets which has been dumped indiscriminately and discreetly on every street corners, gutters, neighborhood bushes, dug holes and households backyards or home gardens building a comfortable habitat for parasites and diseases, but unfortunately an eyesore for visitors giving but a bad name and a wrong image of the country; trash, garbage, or junk is “idoti” in Yoruba, “Bola” in Hausa, “Mkpofu Ahhia” in Igbo tribes of Nigeria.
Waste generation is inevitable and unavoidable but if not properly managed and disposed off everyone including the environment will be negatively affected health wise; the reckless disposal of waste has caused blockages of drainage canals, sewers stagnation, and community water ways choking up. Among the many issues of waste are poor collection of coverage areas, with irregular collection services and lack of waste pickers which all contributed to pushing most households with no better alternative but to rely on kids for the collection and disposal of their trash, junk and garbage which most times are not properly disposed at dump sites but rather dumped into waterways, drainage canals at times even close neighbors backyards or frontages. The “kid” waste collectors are responsible most often for such acts, in order for such kids to make fast trips and to generate more money but they are daily exposed to health risks, child labor and exploitations. The dumping of refuse indiscriminately by kids and other irresponsible households are the major reasons most drainage systems in Nigeria are clogged up which are responsible for flooding during rainy season. There is a need to develop a systematic door to door waste collection for recyclables at a “token fee or gift exchange”; such as discarded or used paper, cardboard, cans, plastics and glasses that can be collected at an agreed locations within community designated dump sites or street corners on specific daily or weekly schedules which would be collected, segregated or integrated and appropriately dispensed to either waste processing facilities for the useful recyclable wastes while the others are dumped at the government approved landfills meant for dumping wastes. The government role in waste management is so important to the successful implementation of waste control, and collection strategies to achieve the best methods for waste integration strategies which must also depends on the collection zone of waste disposals and the type of waste to be collected. Thus the importance of recycling in the most innovative and globally accepted ways becomes vital; which will profit Nigerians by alleviating poverty through job creation and a profitable investment for the Nation as a whole.
Hierarchy Of Waste Management
The most vital “3Rs” in waste management involves the following; Reduce, Reuse and Recycle but it can also include many more all in an effort of cutting down waste to the barest minimum:-
Refuse the dumping of items in order to reduce waste by reusing such materials which help to save money, refuse plastics in any form to help reduce the need to make more plastic which will greatly help to protect the people and the planet.
Remind all people of the need to handle waste the proper way, do not allow others to litter the environment with waste, always caution others and remind them to use the waste bins, best of all is to help others cut down on waste.
Respect all waste collectors, never stigmatize waste handlers, help to make it easy for their job by disposing waste appropriately, encourage, praise and reward them because what they do is service to humanity; another way of protecting lives and the environment while for them it is a means of survival.
Reduce is to cut down or minimize on the amount of waste, junks or garbage generated in the best sustainable means and ways by creating less waste thereby reducing family and government expenditures on income and product wastages; the less waste is created the less waste management is needed hence a clean environment thereby “Reducing” waste begins with buying products that will not generate more waste.
Reuse waste is achieved by finding other ways to reuse outdated items by a simple facelift or update instead of throwing it away which will greatly reduce trash footprint. Reuse most or all items for as long as it can remain usable; there are lots of ways unwanted items can be reused which are by passing it forward to the needy through the acts of Re-Gift which means blessing others with the available blessings; sharing and giving to others in need of it through donations to charity, also adults outgrown wears can be converted to kids wears, or sold as second hand items for there are many out there that can’t afford to buy new things while broken pottery pots can be reused as flower pots.
Recycling is the processing of waste to a useful new products which is beneficial to man and his environment; recycling protect the environment by helping to reduce air, water, and soil pollution; it is another best way of conserving natural habitat, resources and energy. The production of new items using virgin raw materials takes a lot of resources, energy and expense; hence the question what happens to obsolete items? The answer is simply Recycling which is to change obsolete and discarded products into new ones in order to avoid sourcing for fresh raw materials that might be unavailable and inaccessible to get, so recycle materials or things that can be used for a new products or purpose. Recycle small left over stuffs such as the small patches of left over used soaps bars that can be collected into refillable jars, with water added to it to soak and melt then few drops of essential oils of choice, add a few drops of sweet scenting perfume and a fantastic liquid bath wash or soaps is produced cutting out wastes by not discarding the left-over soaps thus cutting down on the financial cost of buying liquids soaps. All across the world various fashion designers are seen turning cut off pieces of materials into fashionable patchwork designs that trends and tagged “designers” with an expensive price tag while the multi colored cut out pieces that could otherwise be discarded can be used for kids wears, doll dresses for kids, home cushion or car seats coverlets, and of course beautiful and cute throw-pillow covers. The old or used clothing materials and wears are used as fillers for the homemade old clothes mattress made popular by women of Bauchi state Nigeria, which by many are considered so comfortable to sleep on with no body pains without generating heat while absorbing sweats. Many housewives across northern Nigeria are complimenting the family income by engaging in the business of buying old clothing or second hand wears off families by going around households from dawn to dusk asking for such discarded materials which are either sold to tailors or are sewn together to make other household essentials such as sleeping materials for kids and adults which are not only comfortable but cheaper. Recycled waste are collected from domestic and commercial outlets by waste collectors which are taken to recycling plants to be sorted, cleaned, processed and recycled for reused while the remaining useless waste are dumped on specific landfill to be buried in large holes; a process that help prevent drainage blockages thus curtail flooding for hygiene of the community dwellers, healthy environment and creation of wealth for Nigerians and a wealthy Nation. Converting waste to wealth enriches the community by eradicating poverty, healthy wellbeing of everyone and the safety of the environment.
Classification Of Waste For Recycling
Waste is a part of living as long as people use products so must there be waste management in order to check and control garbage; the proper management of handling waste becomes inevitable for the wellbeing of the people and the healthy growth of Nigeria. Waste are made up of two classes of waste types are Biodegradable or organic waste which is moist or wet that easily decompose or rotten which mostly consists of food left overs, garden plants, vegetables and can be easily converted or mulch for use on farms and gardens as manure. Non-biodegradable or inorganic waste is referred to as the dry waste that never decay or decompose to be absorbed and use by nature hence, a pollutant that is causing a lot of harm to the environment but can be revamp or recycle to be reused over and over again which consists of old papers, damaged or broken plastics and glasses.
The colored bins are mostly used for recycling with the recycling symbol on each waste bin which ease identification, sorting and separation of waste; the colored waste bins are labelled according to waste types which often depends on what goes into the colored waste bins as labelled, the image is for illustration purpose as seen Green bin for Organic, Yellow for Paper, Orange for Plastic, Dark blue for Metal, Light blue for Glass, Red for Mixed and the Black bin is for Electronic Waste.
Glass is made from sand, soda ash, limestone and cullet then molded to shape and size of choice; Glass waste are the easiest to recycle and an important items to keep away from polluting the natural habitat, glass waste can be perfectly recycled into other products. Glass waste recycling or reprocessing is done by turning glass waste to a safer and usable products through the process of washing, crushing and melting to be molded all over again into new glass products.
Glass waste source are mostly from consumer appliances, furniture’s, containers used for kitchen utensils, alcoholic drinks, carbonated beverages at such glass can be recycled severally with no visible effects on its quality, strength or integrity; it saves energy and reduces the need for virgin raw materials.
Plastics are made from sand, natural gas and crude oil thus it is nonrenewable; thus plastic raw materials consequently, affects the natural ecosystems which may cause land degradation as seen in northern Nigeria. Refuse plastic to reduce plastic use and plastic waste because they are not biodegradable, and plastic waste are taking over useful landfill space; It is absolutely important to create awareness and engage in more campaign on the adverse effects of using plastics, when people become more aware, there will be less need for plastic products due to its adverse effects on human, animal and natural habitats. In Nigeria used shopping bags and pure water sachets, plastic bottles, used plastic jars and containers are the greatest of environmental nuisance that are often seen blocking waterways and drainage canals which can be useful for meaningful recycling projects such as foot mats, car mats, sleeping mats, building cheaper houses, waste bins and a lot of do-it-yourself projects. The discarded plastic waste can be easily collected, sold or exchanged for the new recycled plastic items; plastic recycling is a means of the collecting and disposing of plastic wastes in the best eco friendly way, then converted to a much more useful resource or products that can be used over and over again.
Paper and cardboard are made from cellulose fibers extracted from trees after cutting down the trees which affect all lives in the wild and deprive humans of precious oxygen vital for life. Cardboards And Cartons Waste are put into effective uses by young men who from early in the morning when major markets are open, go around to buy cardboard cartons from whole sellers to re sell for use as ceilings in make shifts shops for small business owners, street food sellers and poor home that can not afford to buy expensive ceilings but needed cool air in their homes and protection from the northern Nigeria scorching sun and blazing heat. Converted also as hatching incubators for poultry chicks, flooring for poultry farming to lay on the floors in order to keep the chicks warm and to place chicken feeders on it and also to collect the chicken droppings which can aids in easier cleaning of the poultry homes by simply removing the soiled cartons and replacing it new cartons for hygiene and cooling of poultry. Newspapers waste are reused in various ways all across Nigeria as wrap packages for groceries, meat, street snacks, food items, condiments, also used to start the traditional fireplaces, can be rumpled or squeeze to be placed in shoes to keep it shape and assist in absorbing moisture in shoes. Used examination papers are bought from schools while discarded papers from ministries are collected and sold to food vendors, hawkers, market people and street food sellers for wrapping finger foods, spices, sweets and for wrapping delicate breakable dishes.
Paper waste is a great nuisance to the environment and economy hence the need for proper paper waste management which if not handle appropriately attracts rodents, ants and cockroaches turning paper waste into breeding ground for more paper parasites and diseases. Paper is a products of trees hence deforestation which negatively impacts the ecosystem because the loss of natural habitats the pathway to the extinction of flora and fauna; rainforests, ancient woodlands, valuable trees and medicinal plants will be save when wood and paper are recycled in order to avoid felling of trees for woods and papers. Go paperless, reduce use of paper and reuse as often as possible, paper waste must never be ignore at home, schools, offices or industries; paper recycling is so easy with DIY creativity, Paper waste if properly managed will benefits the environment and economy.
Metal waste are priceless materials made up of metals that are old or obsolete which are discarded; In Nigeria a lot of young men go around homes to buy off scrap metals to re sell to business owners managing scrap yards; after weighing the metals in kg, the cost of the metal scraps are paid and the waste pickers deduct the profit and use the balance to repeat the process all over again. Metal Waste can be recycled just like glass over and over again without altering its originality; it is versatile and essential for some many industrial and household purposes. Recyclable metals are aluminum, steel, copper, brass, silver and gold; while gold and silver are valuable metals that are often used for precious ornaments and accessories which are never thrown away to be easily collected for recycling except in cases of lost and found which is very rare. Metal mining and extraction of iron ores are expensive, time consuming, risky and deadly due to the caving in on miners involving loss of lives; recycling metals reduces the need to grow and harvest virgin raw materials that cause harm to earth.
Organic waste are moist and biodegradable which consists mostly of animal and plant waste that can form compost or mulch for manure. Organics waste breaks down to be absorb by natural ecosystem when produced in excess it then generates methane which is a potent greenhouse gas that traps heat a potent contributor to climate change. The chemicals and pathogens that get into the soil and groundwater are dangerous to public health; it is vital to keep it away from landfill to be treated appropriately for health. Fish bones and offal are dried, ground into powder then mix with corn meals and milled into poultry feeds that is highly nourishing thereby protecting people and the environment from harmful effects of fish bones. In northern Nigeria, “Kanzo” is the flaky cake of swallow, it is the sticky meal stuck to the base of pot used for cooking starchy swallow; after which the solid remains attached to pot is place back on smoldering coals to ease the removal of the flakes, thus it is eaten as snacks, bought by Biscuit Company to be used as added ingredients in the making of biscuits and breakfast cereals. Also used for Animal feeds, when combined with other animal feeds ingredients, poor households use it to prepare nourishing family meals by soaking in water in order to disintegrate into a grits or groat like consistency then cooked with green vegetables, fish and condiments to feed the family. As a dessert meal or breakfast all it takes is milk and sugar to be added and serve as a sweet snack meal any time of the day while older women make it a business by going visiting households to buy “kanzo” for selling back to costumers in need of it. Organic waste can be Recover or Revamp by using pruned plants and withered vegetables as manure or compost to save water and add in the vital carbon to home gardens. Always Repair or revamp materials before rubbish dumps, simply fix it up.
Mixed Waste is mostly a combination of various waste types with different items that hasn’t been segregated or categorized; consisting of plastics, metals, glass, mixed up with junks and organic waste which is moist such as food waste that is often known as biodegradable often containing hazardous waste such as drugs and chemicals. Mixed waste can also consists of laboratory, hospital, chemical and radioactive materials collected together in a pile that is often a challenge for disposal.
E-Waste Or Electronic Waste
E-Waste or e-scraps is simply electronic trash generated from damaged, surplus or end of life electronic devices that contains harmful or hazardous toxic chemicals which if not properly disposed off can explode and release deadly substances that can contaminate the environment. Recycling of e-waste involves the harvesting of materials that can be reprocessed and reused in fixing, repairs or in new electronic gadgets at less energy and cost. E-waste or scraps from electrical and electronic gadgets are danger to the environment, hence the need to reduce its environmental impacts by recycling; e-scraps or wastes keep growing by the day due to its short useful life, swiftly turning from trending gadgets to an obsolete device that is absolutely useless.
The trending upgrades and updates of home appliances such as electronics, tools, gadgets and the high technological devices such as computers, laptops, iPhone, iPad, mobile phones, its batteries, hard disk, diskettes, monitors, circuit or motherboards are becoming a risk and an environmental menace due to its fast turn out from useful to useless.
Rummage In Waste
In Nigeria markets there are sections for junk sales; where everything is sold as used items popularly known as “second hand goods”, foods and accessories are seen displayed for sales also, including bottle covers, broken plates, mud pots and tiles which are bought and used as home decorations on floors and walls. Waste to profit and to wealth begins with managing and engaging waste materials through recycling that eventually means “Refuse the Refuse” simply means to treasure it not to trash it; thus more money is saved for other essentials for households, cottage businesses and community services thereby overall cutting down on expenditure of the government which subsequently means more income revenue for human services and good governance for happy and healthy people and planet. In Nigeria a great number of Youths are currently engaged in the waste business known as “Metal Scraps” popularly called “Ajaokuta or Bola” in northern Nigeria whereby “Ajaokuta” is the steel industry in Abeokuta while “Bola” is the Hausa name for garbage due to the facts that it is source or gotten from waste that are discarded such as electronic gadgets, and heavy duty equipment with metal components. While others sort for aluminum cans, used copper wires, used sheets, damaged kitchen utensils, or households items which can be easily melted to reproduce new aluminum or metal products hence a profitable business for a lot of Nigerians with little to no start up capital funding to begin with, hence it is as simple as going around to collect discarded, obsolete and damaged items from households, offices or business outlets that are often given out or gladly just let it go thus the “good riddance to bad rubbish” whereby for many individuals in order to get rid of such scraps, at times pay token fees to garbage collectors generally called “Baban Bola” meaning the father of garbage in Hausa not forgetting the popular saying that “another persons trash is someone’s treasure.
The recycling project for any one in Nigeria is as huge as the heap of garbage dumps it is sourced from; it is a gold mine coming out of rubbish which if respected many will smile sweetly to the bank daily, because the recycling business is seen as a dirty business but with a clean outcome. Obsolete or Old coins are priceless artifacts than can be used to revamp calabashes and raffia baskets known as “kindayi” a part of brides households gifts in north east region of Nigeria, kept as home decorations as well as a holder for kola nuts with which to welcome Very Important Guest; a historical heritage that can be pass on to future generations. Bricks makers in Nigeria use plastic waste as cement that has gone off the roof not many builders can afford, to cut down on cost the plastic waste are sorted out shredded, mix with sand, pour into molding boxes for bricks to cast and to form hard rock like bricks that can withstand pressure and last for years. A trending story on social media is about a man who creatively build a floating hotel with waste, beautiful and expensive; such innovative money making projects can be replicated all over the communities in Nigeria. Houses are now easy to own as a lot of individuals are thinking out of the box creatively with ingenuity building houses with waste plastic bottles for humans and animals, youths are now making fortunes using discarded sachet water waste known as “pure water” to make accessories, wears and households decorations. Holiday Package Do It Yourself; Holiday seasons are happy moments to wine and dine but remember to make both people and planet happy by handling in eco-friendly ways all discarded gifts packaging in cardboard boxes and plastic bags of various shapes and sizes. Annually the Do It Yourself projects, and recycling of packaging, also decoration ornaments or materials becomes a necessity in order to avoid filling the landfills with waste after a joyous celebration. Most gift bags can be reused for shopping or as holders of various items around the home. Wine bottles can be revamped by using gift wrapping papers to beautifully design and decorate in the most unique ways then fill up with glitters, tiny rocks, colorful buttons or flowers to place around homes as decorations. The Christmas tree decoration can be repackaged to reused for future holidays or make crafts and arts for kids or the home decorations. The natural Christmas tree; Go green and recycle the evergreen Christmas tree can be collected and repurposed or recycle as mulch. Artificial trees can be repackaged and kept for several Christmas celebrations; it is best to replant, mulch or compost natural Christmas trees while food scraps can be compost for use as garden fertilizer. Do It Yourself is a priceless and valuable handmade gifts of dedication.
Achieving Sustainable Development Goals With Proper Waste Managements.
Waste management is a powerful tool to use in achieving the 17 Sustainable Development Goals; there are lots of gains to be achieved in adopting proper waste management. Human activities are responsible for waste generation and the solutions lies in the hands and heart of humans to dispose of waste the best way by not sneaking out at night with the darkness as a veil to dump waste in gutters when no one is watching, when conscience judge peoples action then best of behavior will be exhibited in private and in the public.
All over northern Nigeria out of school kids and graduate who could not find meaningful source of livelihood are involved in sourcing around for discarded waste. Mobile waste pickers are seen all over the streets visiting homes to buy off wastes for a token fee or in exchange for a new product having the same price value with the waste for exchange while scrap business owners earn their livelihoods from buying from scraps from mobile waste pickers with added profits to use for recycling or reusing waste the scraps in the most usable forms.
Organic waste; recycling it will provide organic manure for healthy crops, high yields that will provide nourishing and cheap food which will help solve hunger issues.
Good Health And Wellbeing
Mixed or chemical waste infections can be avoided through proper disposal, tetanus is a deadly infection caused by eroded metal. Waste pickers are faced with deadly diseases during sourcing and sorting hazardous waste, precautions as simple as wearing gloves and observation of hygiene protocols can curtail transmission diseases.
Education is vital in knowing the rudiments in proper waste collection, out of school kids are all over garbage heaps, shoeless with magnets rummaging through trash for metals from dawn to dusk for some change to buy food. The young adult are also into the business without any technical training or education which makes it an eyesore due to the fact that many don’t know there way through trash but are trotting along due to hunger.
Gender equality, brings in women who handle waste most in households due to cooking and as caregivers, women are street food hawkers as well. Northern Nigeria needs the services of women to inform housewives on the proper ways of sorting waste and the best hygiene methods in handling waste without.
Clean Water And Sanitation
Factory and medical waste are one of the major sources of contaminating clean drinking water, while all waste disposal if not properly handle contaminates water sources thus pollution and infection causing waterborne diseases. The dumping of sewage excreta into lakes, streams, and rivers, many damaged water pipes get mixed up with soak away thereby contaminating drinking water. Plastic wastes in the oceans such as straws, cups, mats, bags, plates, and nets all turn down to plastic particles that finds its way into fresh drinking water, the use of plastic utensils through daily use of wear and tear also contaminates water and food.
Affordable And Clean Energy
Energy from waste contribute to biomass young graduate in Nigeria a developing hygienic ways of converting waste into energy such as gaseous fuels.
Decent Work And Economic Growth.
Decent work an opportunity to be gainfully employed by millions of jobless people if the work environment is improved with good returns and respect for waste employees.
Garbage Collectors are viewed as the lowest of the lots within the community often stigmatized and seen as dirty thus called “Oh shara or Mai Bola” while sewage collectors are hardly associated with in community social cycles also called “mai kwashe kashi” reasons to why most times it is carried out at midnight to avoid prying eyes and stigmatization. In the northeast Nigeria during the over a decade insurgency the responsibility of collecting bomb blast victims and corpses of decomposing bodies from the site of attacks after it has been condone off to be taken to the mortuary or graveyards for burial. Thereby, facing a lot of risk to health and to attack because many a time the Grenade an explosive hand thrown weapons that has not detonated initially might decides to take waste pickers along at that moment in time. It is necessary to provide in the informal sectors decent job opportunities by improving the work environment in providing solid waste recycling technology for that will be a cost saving alternative in the use of raw materials in industries; also it will no doubt support economic growth of any nation.
Industry Innovation And Infrastructure
Innovation and Industrialization through recycling and the recyclable materials that will bring open new job opportunities for self employment for manufacturing and small cottage industries in the different waste management categories with specialization in field of choice with innovation for growth of individuals and Nigeria.
Social and economic inclusion will help to reduce inequalities with the necessary policies for social benefits for health care insurance and pensions will all enhance the merging of formal and informal sustainable waste management.
Sustainable Cities and Communities
The proper management of waste is vital for building sustainable cities in order to improve quality of life; It starts with the 3rs of waste Reduction, Reuse and Recycling; generating eco-friendly energy for cities of the future. Go green by planting more trees for sustainable and innovative green cities all over the landfills.
Responsible Consumption And Production.
Sustainable consumption n production by responsibility towards managing waste generated by the manufacturing of products in company to reduce the needs for natural raw materials, to reuse the waste or recycle waste that can not be reused; reduce environmental pollution and support a sustainable green economy.
Climate change involves all the best way to reduce the spread of carbon dioxide and atmospheric greenhouses gases such as methane which is a potent contributor to climate change.
Managing waste in the most healthy and environmentally safe way by avoiding dumping waste on open dumpsites for air to picks into water and food; avoiding open burning of waste on garbage sites which sending into the atmosphere disease loaded and deadly black smoke into the lungs of people and planet.
Life Below Water
Conserve Ocean Seas And Marines managing waste in the best ecofriendly ways of plastics in order to reduce underwater pollution; Plastic that find its way into the environment end up stuck in land and marine for decades and is harmful to ecosystem.
Life On Land
Land and Ecosystem; increase in population leads to increase in waste reason to why populated communities are most often the dirtiest; vital for communities to reduce, reuse and recycle as a last option to cut down on waste and the use of landfills for garbage dump sites. The land and marine animals are most affected by plastic waste, it is a fact that babies or kids playing with plastic toys are known to suffer from suffocation or choking while both under water and land animals suffer from choking as well after eating plastics while other animals die by strangulation after getting entangled in plastic bags; leading to starvation of animals. Plastic recycling saves the environment from fossil fuel hydrocarbons.
Peace And Justice Strong Institutions
Building stronger institutions by ensuring that all concern are brought into the picture by an all inclusive manner; responsive to issues and concerns; representative must be active participants in all community issues that are related to waste and wellbeing of everyone and environment.
Partnership To Achieve The Goals
Partnership for the goals is necessary by bringing to a roundtable all stakeholders across the globe, to put all hands on deck by providing the enabling environment and opportunities to support the system best way possible, financially and technically and not leaving behind donor agency whose contributions will facilitate a fast implementation in achieving all the 17 Sustainable Development Goals especially in poor and developing countries such as Nigeria. The government involvement will give a boost, uplift and gives it a much more acceptable outlook; the government presence will help to coordinates and collect such scraps to recycle and sell back to steel industries as a recycled material or raw materials for used in producing other new products at less cost and risk to human and the planet.
Go Green And Plant A Tree
Plant a tree to protect humanity and the planet by providing food and oxygen; Planting trees will aids in turning the barren soil into a fertile and fruitful land which is the most priceless source of life for humanity and grow climate resilience in the north east Nigeria high temperature. Plant more trees to fight soil erosion, annual flooding during rainy seasons and desertification for food self sufficiency and a sustainable future which will assist to put on check and control climate change, going way ahead to assists the agrarian communities in northern Nigeria that are involve in the farming of rice, millet, guinea corn, maize, Acha, and other staples food crops that will greatly guarantee the much needed food security in the whole of Nigeria. The planting of economic trees in Nigeria such as cashew, cocoa, palm oil tree and Moringa are among such economic trees that will bring into Nigeria a lot of foreign revenue; agro forestry will help to tackle climate change, protect natural habitats, and restore the ecosystem, provide a lot of opportunities for farmers and take care of job creation that will lift out of poverty millions of people in Nigeria.
Trees are natures priceless gifts for life survival; provides oxygen, food, shelter, fresh air, purifies water, and soil, home for wildlife, prevent soil degradation, reduce cost of energy, global warming. Planting trees aids to combat climate change, it is investing in a sustainable future; Start today, To Save lives, Save The Future By Planting Trees!